Carne Ramo Grande PDO

Description: Ramo Grande meat is obtained from cattle of the Ramo Grande breed. It is a clear red color meat, becoming more intense in contact with the air and with the age of the animal, firm consistency resulting from the presence of interfascicular connective tissue in proportion and with an intrinsic aromatic smell of the species. The fat is well distributed, pearly white in color and has a firm consistency after the carcass has cooled. It has no greasiness.

Production method: The animals are fed according to traditional breeding patterns. The basis of the feeding is the pastures, natural or improved, used for direct grazing and constituted by associations of grasses and legumes. Calves are fed breast milk for at least three months of age. Weaning takes place at 6-7 months of age and until that time the calves accompany their mothers on trips to pastures, so they also feed on pastures and forages. Adult cattle feed on fresh grass and are supplemented with grass silage, hay, green corn or corn silage or other food from the farm (eg, grain corn, dried corn bracts, sweet potato branch, incense) or from other farms located in the Azores Archipelago.

Special features: Five age groups can be defined:
Vitelão - meat from bovine carcasses aged 8 months or more, but less than 12 months, classified as category Z and with a minimum carcass weight of 110 kg;
Novilho - meat from bovine carcasses aged 12 months or more and less than 24 months for whole males (category A) and 12 months or more for category (category E) and with minimum carcass weight 130 kg for category A and 120 kg for category E.
Macho inteiro (touro) - meat from carcasses of whole male bovine animals aged 24 months or older (category B) and with a minimum carcass weight of 200 kg.
Castrado - meat from carcasses of castrated male bovine animals aged 12 months or older (category C) and with a minimum carcass weight of 130 kg.
Vaca - carcasses of female animals that have calved, classified with category D and with a minimum carcass weight of 200 kg.
Carcasses with the following characteristics are permitted:
• Steer / a; Whole male (Taurus); Castrated - classes S, E, U, R and O.
• Other age classes - defined to the morphological and specific characteristics of the Ramo Grande breed and to the management practiced, namely in terms of sex, age and weight at slaughter, admission, in addition to the classes already mentioned, as class P carcasses is justified .
Carcasses on class of fat cover 1 are not permitted.

History: The genetic characteristics of the Ramo Grande breed were conditioned by the natural conditions of the Archipelago and by the use that was traditionally given to the animals of this breed. The producers used the Ramo Grande males to cover the females for one or two breeding seasons and then they were castrated and taught to mobilize the land as well as to transport cargo. They met the needs of producers for these functions and cumulatively provided the meat and milk essential to their diet. The breeding of these cattle under subsistence farming conditions, provided great proximity between the producers and their animals, ensuring the animal welfare conditions resulting from the extensive system to which the cattle are subject and the specific know-how of the producers linked to feed and livestock management that contribute to distinguishing the quality of the products obtained. The breeders of the Ramo Grande breed are the guardians of an unparalleled genetic heritage, which over several generations and in sometimes difficult conditions, insisted on maintaining as a legacy of their ancestors, in an eagerness to preserve the inheritance they had received and always cherished. as if they were family members. In the traditional festivities of the Archipelago of the Azores on the various islands, namely those of Espírito Santo, the meat of these cattle has always been the preferred one for making the typical dishes of the “functions” of this festive season that imply a set of know-how and recipes specific to each island, which have been passed down from generation to generation, conferring peculiar flavors and aromas inherent to the meat of this breed.

Product specification (pdf)

Producer group
Associação de Criadores de Bovinos da Raça Ramo Grande

Control and certification body
IAMA, IPR. - Instituto de Alimentação e Mercados Agrícolas

Publication in EU official journal

Publication in the Portuguese official journal
Despacho nº. 6/2020/A de 30.10.2020